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Tories defeat bill aimed at getting drugs to world's poor


Tories defeat bill aimed at getting drugs to world's poor

Liberal MP Frank Valeriote and bill sponsor NDP MP Hélène Laverdière walk with supporters at a Parliament Hill rally for C-398 on Nov 1.AIDS Action Now's Zoë Dodd says all Canadians should be outraged that Bill-C-398 was defeated. IMAGE 1 OF 2
MPs 'complicit in genocide': AIDS Action Now
HIV/AIDS activists are reacting with outrage following news that a bill that would have helped get lifesaving medicines to millions of people in the developing world was defeated in the House of Commons Nov 28 by seven votes.

Bill C-398, a private member’s bill introduced by New Democrat Hélène Laverdière, would have reformed Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime (CAMR) – a law passed in 2004 -- to make it easier to get Canadian generic medicines to developing countries. 

News of the bill’s defeat broke as AIDS Action Now (AAN) kicked off its new poster campaign at the Art Gallery of Ontario. AAN’s Alex McClelland says Prime Minister Stephen Harper once again chose profits over people.

“The Conservative government is in bed with pharmaceutical companies, and they want to make sure they keep making big bucks, so they actively countered this bill because they do not want the production of generic medications to help save the lives of people in other countries that need them,” McClelland says.

Only seven Conservative MPs supported the private member's bill, which was defeated in a narrow vote: 141 for and 148 against.

It’s unclear whether MPs were allowed a free vote. A list of those who voted against the bill can be found here. The list includes Health Minister Leona Aglukkaq, Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird and Prime Minister Harper. Liberal MP Justin Trudeau was not present for the vote.

Richard Elliott, executive director of the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, was in Ottawa for the vote. He says the bill would have cost taxpayers nothing and would have significantly helped the world’s poorest people.

Elliott says the bill should have been a “no-brainer.” Unfortunately, many Conservative MPs repeated several lies about the bill in the hours leading up to the vote, he says.

“The problem is the current government,” he says. “They have opposed these reforms tooth and nail. [Conservative] MPs keep saying things that are incorrect about the bill. So many of them don’t do their homework and just swallow the party line.”

Right now, the fight against HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases that affect millions of adults and children in the developing world depends on costly patent drugs made by big pharmaceutical companies in the West. A drug's patent lasts for 20 years.

Generic manufacturers can pay a royalty to the patent holder and make a cheaper version available only after that expiry period. 

Most of the latest drugs that combat HIV/AIDS are still within that 20-year limit, which puts them out of reach of most of the world's poor. Bill C-398 would have made it possible for generic manufacturers to produce lower-cost versions of drugs that are still under patent protection as long as they were destined for the neediest countries, as designated by the World Trade Organization (WTO).

There are about 23.5 million people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, according to amfAR, the American Foundation for AIDS research. Every day nearly 7,000 people in the world contract HIV — that's 300 every hour.

“Most developing countries simply can’t afford to pay the price demanded by brand-name companies on patented drugs,” Elliott says. “This would have fixed the current law.”

Laverdière, who was not available for comment, released a statement noting that the bill had the support of more than 80 international organizations, 250 Canadian civil society organizations, faith leaders and about 80 percent of Canadians, many of whom brought petitions and wrote letters to MPs urging them to support the bill.

“By voting against this bill, the Conservatives refused to put partisanship aside for the sake of saving lives,” she states.

AAN’s Tim McCaskell called the bill’s defeat “incomprehensible and appalling.”

“Why would the Canadian Parliament want to deny people access to medicines? You can see the fingerprint of big pharma and big money all over this,” he says. “People are more concerned with protecting their patents than they are with saving lives.

“Our government is criminalizing people in Canada and denying drugs to people in Africa . . . Those MPs are complicit in genocide.”

Zoë Dodd, also with AAN, says all Canadians should be furious about this. “Those who voted against it have blood on their hands,” she says.

McClelland says Bill C-398 was also likely the last chance for such reforms. Laverdière's bill mirrored a similar bill from the previous Parliament that passed the House of Commons in March 2011 with support from the entire NDP caucus, a majority of the Bloc Québécois, and some Liberals and Conservatives.

The bill died in the Senate a few weeks later when the government was defeated and the country was thrust into an election.

“This is what we have come to expect from this government. As someone living with HIV, I get increasingly depressed to see medical apartheid play out this way. It’s horrifying. We feel helpless,” McClelland says.

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Re-directing fundraising dollars to Africa
In Canada, we are fortunate that government drug plans pay for most of the costs of the anti-HIV drugs that HIV-positive people need to survive - and that HIV-positive people in Canada have access to the latest drugs (which seem to get better and better every year). While a lot of fundraising in Toronto is done for organizations that offer social services for HIV-positive people (e.g., AIDS Committee of Toronto, PWA Foundation, Casey House, Fife House, etc.), most HIV-positive people are now able to work and lead normal lives as a result of taking anti-HIV medication. Perhaps it is now time for donors to re-direct more of their fundraising dollars to charities that provide much-needed HIV-related programs in Africa, like the Stephen Lewis Foundation. See http://www.stephenlewisfoundation.org/
Deja Vu
I recall that when AIDS first became known in the early 1980s, politicians, medical corporations and religious leaders took the attitude that this crisis was only something that affected people of Africa and Haiti abroad and Gay men and intravenous drug users at home – and therefore was not their problem. Some even hailed AIDS as a blessing or God's judgment. Therefore, this crisis was ignored by people who could and should have done something. Only when prominent people became sick and started dying from AIDS did those in power decide that maybe they needed to do something. By that time, the crisis was moving out of control and thousands were already dead or dying. Once again, our Canadian politicians are more concerned about protecting the profits of pharmaceutical companies and advancing their political careers than protecting people's lives – and some of these people like to proclaim how they are "pro-life". Furthermore, those who talk about protecting "the traditional family" forget or ignore how many children have lost parents or parents have lost children to AIDS. Shame on Canadian parliamentarians who voted against or abstained from voting on Bill C-398. Lives and families in Africa and elsewhere could have been saved if this bill had passed. Clearly, nothing has been learned by the failure to take this health crisis seriously 30 years ago.
shame on defeat of BillC398
I feel sick about the defeat of Bill C398. As a member of GRAN I cannot believe the Conservatives have turned their backs on the grandmothers of Africa who are struggling to bring up their grandchildren whose parents have died of AIDS . They need generic drugs from Canada!
Justin Trudeau was in Ottawa
Multiple sources says Justin Trudeau was in Ottawa for the vote. Yet he skipped it? Why?
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